Coherence and Divergence in European Media Reporting

Last updated: 2022-05-07T21:45:41

This study analyses the coherence and divergence of the media reporting across the EU countries Germany, Spain, France, Italy, Romania and the additional European countries Switzerland and the UK. We conducted the analysis on a large dataset in the period 2010-01-01 - 2022-05-04. The analysis is updated weekly.
Media sentiment in the news has a decisive influence on consumers, businesses, and society as a whole. Sometimes there are major differences in the perception of individual topics in the media from different sources. These differences are particularly evident between different countries. Thus, countries can be seen as an echo chamber. A deeper analysis of these finding is crucial, especially in the European context, since, on the one hand, ideally, one would see coherence across a united Europe. However, on the other hand, the relationships among the societies of individual European countries are shaped by a common or divergent world view.
The considered topics to measure European friendliness and rejection are the inside view–reporting on EU countries–the outside view on other major powers—the US, China, and Russia—and on three of the closest EU partners—Switzerland, Turkey and the UK. Special topics are added as they arise, e.g. media reporting during the Ukraine crisis or COVID-19 pandemic
This analysis is based on and continues the analysis of the European friendliness and rejection indices of Starosta (2022).

European Friendliness and Rejection

         WHO
reports on

WHAT
CH

Keywords

#Positive / #Negative / #Total
Positivity
Coverage Ratio
DE

Keywords

#Positive / #Negative / #Total
Positivity
Coverage Ratio
ES

Keywords

#Positive / #Negative / #Total
Positivity
Coverage Ratio
FR

Keywords

#Positive / #Negative / #Total
Positivity
Coverage Ratio
GB

Keywords

#Positive / #Negative / #Total
Positivity
Coverage Ratio
IT

Keywords

#Positive / #Negative / #Total
Positivity
Coverage Ratio
RO

Keywords

#Positive / #Negative / #Total
Positivity
Coverage Ratio
ChinaChina

3562 / 2887 / 6449
55.2334%^
1.4527%


   
China

42287 / 20397 / 62684
67.4606%
4.5068%


   
China

8168 / 2675 / 10843
75.3297%
0.3928%


   
Chine

6718 / 9642 / 16360
41.0636%
1.4832%


   
China

3505 / 158585 / 162090
2.1624%
3.7096%


   
Cina

2249 / 1128 / 3377
66.5976%
1.2773%


   
China

4319 / 3967 / 8286
52.1241%
2.0704%


   
Compare Sentiments
EUEU,Europäische Union

6219 / 6825 / 13044
47.6771%
2.9383%


   
EU,Europäische Union

65131 / 51465 / 116596
55.8604%
8.3830%


   
UE,Unión Europea,Union Europea

51704 / 27366 / 79070
65.3902%
2.8646%


   
UE,Union européenne,Union europeenne

2298 / 8212 / 10510
21.8649%
0.9528%


   
EU,European Union

1656 / 144470 / 146126
1.1333%
3.3442%


   
UE,Unione Europea

1645 / 954 / 2599
63.2936%
0.9830%


   
UE,Uniunea Europeană,Uniunea Europeana

13922 / 13169 / 27091
51.3898%
6.7692%


   
Compare Sentiments
FranceFrankreich

3339 / 3331 / 6670
50.0600%
1.5025%


   
Frankreich

13738 / 6779 / 20517
66.9591%
1.4751%


   
Francia

13068 / 3810 / 16878
77.4262%
0.6115%


   
France

129556 / 48445 / 178001
72.7839%^
16.1377%


   
France

8194 / 101131 / 109325
7.4951%^
2.5020%


   
Francia

3441 / 1051 / 4492
76.6028%
1.6990%


   
Franţa,Franta

5309 / 1557 / 6866
77.3230%^
1.7156%


   
Compare Sentiments
GermanyDeutschland

5933 / 5290 / 11223
52.8647%
2.5281%


   
Deutschland

168082 / 42314 / 210396
79.8884%^
15.1270%


   
Alemania

8013 / 4150 / 12163
65.8801%
0.4406%


   
Allemagne

5714 / 5983 / 11697
48.8501%
1.0605%


   
Germany

4274 / 76035 / 80309
5.3219%
1.8380%


   
Germania

2819 / 1639 / 4458
63.2346%
1.6861%


   
Germania

7191 / 4237 / 11428
62.9244%
2.8555%


   
Compare Sentiments
GreeceGriechenland

673 / 1835 / 2508
26.8341%
0.5650%


   
Griechenland

10924 / 19749 / 30673
35.6144%
2.2053%


   
Grecia

1972 / 1993 / 3965
49.7352%
0.1436%


   
Grèce,Grece

1946 / 8196 / 10142
19.1875%
0.9195%


   
Greece

863 / 22569 / 23432
3.6830%
0.5363%


   
Grecia

1209 / 958 / 2167
55.7914%
0.8196%


   
Grecia

2523 / 2667 / 5190
48.6127%
1.2968%


   
Compare Sentiments
HungaryUngarn

537 / 494 / 1031
52.0854%
0.2322%


   
Ungarn

1557 / 1214 / 2771
56.1891%
0.1992%


   
Hungría,Hungria

788 / 315 / 1103
71.4415%
0.0400%


   
Hongrie

588 / 675 / 1263
46.5558%
0.1145%


   
Hungary

452 / 10519 / 10971
4.1200%
0.2511%


   
Ungheria

259 / 232 / 491
52.7495%
0.1857%


   
Ungaria

3291 / 2466 / 5757
57.1652%
1.4385%


   
Compare Sentiments
ItalyItalien

4062 / 4762 / 8824
46.0335%
1.9877%


   
Italien

13144 / 9492 / 22636
58.0668%
1.6275%


   
Italia

11448 / 4009 / 15457
74.0635%
0.5600%


   
Italie

6516 / 5569 / 12085
53.9181%
1.0956%


   
Italy

4243 / 63204 / 67447
6.2909%^
1.5436%


   
Italia

43666 / 8712 / 52378
83.3671%
19.8107%


   
Italia

5814 / 2958 / 8772
66.2791%
2.1918%


   
Compare Sentiments
PolandPolen

534 / 929 / 1463
36.5003%
0.3296%


   
Polen

3155 / 2189 / 5344
59.0382%
0.3842%


   
Polonia

1699 / 665 / 2364
71.8697%
0.0856%


   
Pologne

1321 / 933 / 2254
58.6069%
0.2043%


   
Poland

906 / 20111 / 21017
4.3108%
0.4810%


   
Polonia

413 / 293 / 706
58.4986%
0.2670%


   
Polonia

2509 / 1972 / 4481
55.9920%
1.1197%


   
Compare Sentiments
RomaniaRumänien

313 / 216 / 529
59.1682%^
0.1192%


   
Rumänien

1099 / 306 / 1405
78.2206%^
0.1010%


   
Rumania,Rumanía

1308 / 491 / 1799
72.7071%
0.0652%


   
Roumanie

838 / 586 / 1424
58.8483%
0.1291%


   
Romania

697 / 10551 / 11248
6.1967%
0.2574%


   
Romania

304 / 120 / 424
71.6981%
0.1604%


   
Romania,România

60019 / 20974 / 80993
74.1039%^
20.2376%


   
Compare Sentiments
RussiaRussland

1717 / 6178 / 7895
21.7479%
1.7785%


   
Russland

8319 / 17863 / 26182
31.7737%
1.8824%


   
Rusia

4204 / 3020 / 7224
58.1949%
0.2617%


   
Russie

5133 / 10314 / 15447
33.2298%
1.4004%


   
Russia

3878 / 119138 / 123016
3.1524%
2.8153%


   
Russia

1750 / 1552 / 3302
52.9982%
1.2489%


   
Rusia

7663 / 8940 / 16603
46.1543%
4.1486%


   
Compare Sentiments
SpainSpanien

1719 / 1779 / 3498
49.1424%
0.7880%


   
Spanien

8902 / 5711 / 14613
60.9184%
1.0506%


   
España

168131 / 63475 / 231606
72.5935%
8.3908%


   
Espagne

5470 / 4632 / 10102
54.1477%
0.9159%


   
Spain

3627 / 56281 / 59908
6.0543%
1.3711%


   
Spagna

1778 / 831 / 2609
68.1487%
0.9868%


   
Spania

4146 / 1748 / 5894
70.3427%^
1.4727%


   
Compare Sentiments
SwedenSchweden

1370 / 833 / 2203
62.1879%^
0.4963%


   
Schweden

2276 / 661 / 2937
77.4940%^
0.2112%


   
Suecia

1477 / 508 / 1985
74.4081%
0.0719%


   
Suède,Suede

1990 / 706 / 2696
73.8131%^
0.2444%


   
Sweden

1806 / 17094 / 18900
9.5556%^
0.4325%


   
Svezia

474 / 151 / 625
75.8400%
0.2364%


   
Suedia

1604 / 567 / 2171
73.8830%^
0.5425%


   
Compare Sentiments
SwitzerlandSchweiz

54616 / 30630 / 85246
64.0687%^
19.2028%


   
Schweiz

18656 / 2837 / 21493
86.8004%^
1.5453%


   
Suiza

2669 / 578 / 3247
82.1990%^
0.1176%


   
Suisse

5983 / 3554 / 9537
62.7346%
0.8646%


   
Switzerland

1414 / 16598 / 18012
7.8503%^
0.4122%


   
Svizzera,Svizzero

1249 / 314 / 1563
79.9104%
0.5912%


   
Elveţia,Elvetia

1497 / 286 / 1783
83.9596%^
0.4455%


   
Compare Sentiments
TurkeyTürkei

486 / 2835 / 3321
14.6341%
0.7481%


   
Türkei

3136 / 6845 / 9981
31.4197%
0.7176%


   
Turquía,Turquia

1562 / 1229 / 2791
55.9656%
0.1011%


   
Turquie

1681 / 5349 / 7030
23.9118%
0.6373%


   
Turkey

1355 / 41142 / 42497
3.1885%
0.9726%


   
Turchia

681 / 785 / 1466
46.4529%
0.5545%


   
Turcia

2226 / 2634 / 4860
45.8025%
1.2144%


   
Compare Sentiments
UKGrossbritannien,Großbritannien

1506 / 1819 / 3325
45.2932%
0.7490%


   
Grossbritannien,Großbritannien

11719 / 7506 / 19225
60.9571%
1.3822%


   
Reino Unido,Inglaterra

9910 / 4438 / 14348
69.0689%
0.5198%


   
britannique

10054 / 7115 / 17169
58.5590%
1.5566%


   
UK

12572 / 219764 / 232336
5.4111%
5.3172%


   
Gran Bretagna

525 / 265 / 790
66.4557%
0.2988%


   
Marea Britanie

4250 / 2882 / 7132
59.5906%
1.7821%


   
Compare Sentiments
USUSA,Vereinigte Staaten

8967 / 8800 / 17767
50.4700%
4.0023%


   
USA,Vereinigte Staaten

75098 / 45517 / 120615
62.2626%
8.6719%


   
Estados Unidos

10533 / 5173 / 15706
67.0635%
0.5690%


   
USA,États Unis,États-Unis

2651 / 1529 / 4180
63.4211%
0.3790%


   
U.S.,United States

17026 / 437207 / 454233
3.7483%
10.3956%


   
USA,Stati Uniti

6864 / 3252 / 10116
67.8529%
3.8261%


   
Statele Unite

2830 / 4002 / 6832
41.4227%
1.7071%


   
Compare Sentiments
Overallder

239929 / 203995 / 443924
54.0473%
100.0000%


   
der

980545 / 410319 / 1390864
70.4990%
100.0000%


   
el

2186275 / 573973 / 2760248
79.2057%
100.0000%


   
la

757405 / 345610 / 1103015
68.6668%
100.0000%


   
the

271932 / 4097550 / 4369482
6.2234%
100.0000%


   
il

227312 / 37080 / 264392
85.9754%
100.0000%


   
si,și

269393 / 130818 / 400211
67.3127%
100.0000%


   
Compare Sentiments
Coverage ratio = Percentage of News in All News
Positivity = Percentage of Positive News for this Topic


Special Topic - Ukraine Crisis

         WHO
reports on

WHAT
CH

Keywords

#Positive / #Negative / #Total
Positivity
Coverage Ratio
DE

Keywords

#Positive / #Negative / #Total
Positivity
Coverage Ratio
ES

Keywords

#Positive / #Negative / #Total
Positivity
Coverage Ratio
FR

Keywords

#Positive / #Negative / #Total
Positivity
Coverage Ratio
GB

Keywords

#Positive / #Negative / #Total
Positivity
Coverage Ratio
IT

Keywords

#Positive / #Negative / #Total
Positivity
Coverage Ratio
RO

Keywords

#Positive / #Negative / #Total
Positivity
Coverage Ratio
PutinPutin

153 / 2838 / 2991
5.1153%
0.6738%


   
Putin

513 / 6041 / 6554
7.8273%
0.4712%


   
Putin

667 / 951 / 1618
41.2237%
0.0586%


   
Poutine

1846 / 3556 / 5402
34.1725%
0.4897%


   
Putin

487 / 25438 / 25925
1.8785%
0.5933%


   
Putin

866 / 717 / 1583
54.7063%
0.5987%


   
Putin

15502 / 7194 / 22696
68.3028%^
5.6710%


   
Compare Sentiments
UkraineUkraine

327 / 3738 / 4065
8.0443%
0.9157%


   
Ukraine

2703 / 13046 / 15749
17.1630%
1.1323%


   
Ucrania

1639 / 2521 / 4160
39.3990%
0.1507%


   
Ukraine

1769 / 4947 / 6716
26.3401%
0.6089%


   
Ukraine

1000 / 39499 / 40499
2.4692%
0.9269%


   
Ucraina

1083 / 1016 / 2099
51.5960%
0.7939%


   
Ucraina

3502 / 6250 / 9752
35.9106%
2.4367%


   
Compare Sentiments
Coverage ratio = Percentage of News in All News
Positivity = Percentage of Positive News for this Topic


Special Topic - COVID-19 pandemic

See COVID-19 analysis


Dataset

CountryOverall Sentiment
Share of Positive News
#Positive / #Negative / #Total
CH54.0473%
239929 / 203995 / 443924
DE70.4990%
980545 / 410319 / 1390864
ES79.2057%
2186275 / 573973 / 2760248
FR68.6668%
757405 / 345610 / 1103015
GB6.2234%
271932 / 4097550 / 4369482
IT85.9754%
227312 / 37080 / 264392
RO67.3127%
269393 / 130818 / 400211

References

Kejo Starosta (2022): Measuring the Impact of Online Media on Consumers, Businesses and Society. Springer, ISBN: 978-3-658-36728-2, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-658-36729-9